The precise cause of Crohn's disease is unknown. But, research indicates a combination of things can be responsible.
Genes you inherit from your mother and father may increase your risk of developing Crohn's disease.
● The immune system
The inflammation can be because of a problem with the immune system that causes it to attack healthy bacteria in the gut.
● Previous contamination
A previous infection may also trigger an abnormal reaction from the immune system.
Smokers with Crohn's disease generally have more intense symptoms than non-smokers environmental factors: Crohn's disease is most commonplace in westernised nations, and least commonplace in poorer parts of the world, which suggests the environment has a element to play.
There is presently no cure for Crohn's disease, so the purpose of remedy is to prevent the inflammatory process, relieve signs (induce and maintain remission) and avoid surgery anywhere possible.
The primary treatment offered to lessen signs is normally steroid medication (corticosteroids). If this doesn't help, medication to suppress the immune system (immunosuppressants) and medication to lessen inflammation may be used. In some cases, surgical procedure may be needed to dispose of the inflamed section of intestine.